വെള്ളിയാഴ്‌ച, ജൂലൈ 17, 2009

Why INDIA shouldn't sign NPT & CTBT?

Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) was introduced in the year 1969 and it came into effect in 1970. The NPT has two main clauses.
  1. No new country can become a nuclear power.
  2. Countries having nuclear weapons will not pass the information to other countries.
About 180 countries signed NPT. But India didn't sign the treaty calling it a totally unfair treaty and rightly so. Like many other international treaties and organizations, NPT was introduced only to fulfill the wants of the developed countries like U.S. They wanted to prevent the developing countries from obtaining nuclear technology. At that time, only few developed countries like Russia and US were given the status as nuclear power. If country signs NPT, it can never become a nuclear power though that country is allowed to develop nuclear technology for peaceful purpose. The treaty was brought about in order to reduce the fear of nuclear weapons but it didn't put any limitations on the nuclear activities of the 5 existing nuclear powers. It is unfair that some countries possess the nuclear weapons and at the same time demanding other countries not to build it. This was totally a one-sided treaty and hence few countries including India, Pakistan, Israel and Cuba didn't sign the treaty. NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group) containing 45 countries with rich nuclear fuel decided to isolate countries which doesn't sign NPT.

High political pressure from US and other countries was applied on India to sign the treaty since India was the most powerful nation who didn't sign the treaty. India agreed to sign it if and only if some new clauses are introduced into the treaty like the existing 5 nuclear powers will destroy their nuclear arms at a cutoff date. On 1996, a new treaty called
CTBT ( Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty) was introduced. But it was just another form of NPT and it didn't contain the clauses put forward by India. 9 countries including India haven't signed CTBT yet.

In 1998, US gave India an ultimatum to sign the treaty before September, 1998. India came under tremendous political pressure. But in May 1998, India conducted 5 nuclear explosions and declared themselves as a nuclear power. This was done to ensure that even if India was forced to sign the treaty, they are already a nuclear power. Hence India cannot be considered as new nuclear power and hence that clause won't be technically valid for India. But this action caused a lot of protest from the existing nuclear powers and India was isolated both economically and politically by the developed nations. India is still considered as n non-nuclear power by these countries.

The isolation for India was said to be lifted when India signed the nuclear agreement with U.S. India signed
123 agreement with both NSG and IAEA. They considered India as a special case and decided to give nuclear fuel (Uranium) and ENR (Enrichment and Reprocessing) technology to India without signing the NPT and CTBT. But in return, India needed to pay heavy prize. India came under U.S political pressure. India voted against Iran in IAEA. Iran was one of our oldest friend and we are making enemies is our neighborhood. Also India is slowly withdrawing from the much anticipated Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline which could long term solution for cheap and efficient fuel. Now Pakistan and Iran are going ahead with the pipeline. Also India is losing ground and significance on Non Alliance countries as India is slowly moving towards US alliance.

But in the recent G8 summit, under US pressure the G8 countries, including the 5 nuclear powers, decided not to give ENR technology to countries who haven't signed NPT. If this comes into effect, India will lose all the advantages, if any, it obtained from the Indo-US nuclear deal. India won't get the technologies to enrich Uranium from even France and Russia with whom India has already signed an agreement based on the nuclear deal. US, through many of deeds in the past, has proved to be a totally unworthy partner, which we will discuss later. Now UPA will have to answer why they believed US as a partner than the
left which gave them support for 4 and a half years. Why did they sign the agreement even with strong opposition and warning from left parties? Now it's proved, without doubt, that left patry's warnings were true.

Some may ask why India shouldn't sign NPT & CTBT now and avoid these complications. First of all, as discussed earlier, it's a totally unfair treaty. Also India is still not recognized as a nuclear power and hence India will have to stop all its strategic researches. Also India will have to open all its nuclear reactors to IAEA which may prove disastrous. We have the example of Iran which is a signatory of NPT. Now US is accusing Iran for making nuclear bomb and asked them to stop all of their nuclear research. Iran replied that according to NPT, they have all rights to develop nuclear technology for peaceful purposes and they wouldn't stop it. Also they asked US to prove their accusation. Under US pressure, IAEA did a surprise check and they couldn't find any proof of bomb-making. A big irony is that India, not being an NPT signatory, voted against Iran, an NPT signatory, in IAEA for violating norms in NPT under US pressure.
Similar thing can happen against India as well if they sign NPT or CTBT. Hence India shouldn't sign NPT or CTBT under any circumstances. And India should be very careful in dealing with US and if we are not getting ENR tech. from NSG, UPA government should think about considering to make changes in the Indo-US nuclear treaty.


THANKS........


ഞായറാഴ്‌ച, ജൂലൈ 12, 2009

Once president George Bush went to a school for visit.

After have a brief talk with the children he asked them if they had any questions to ask him.

One boy raised his hand and stood up.

Bush: whats your name?

John: john

Bush: whats your question?

John: sir I have three questions:



1) why did America attack Iraq without the approval of UNO?

2) where is Osama?

3) why do America support Pakistan so much?


Bush: you are an intelligent student john..(just then the bell for recess rang).

ok dear students we will continue after the recess is over, Bush said.


After the recess

Bush: ok children where were we? Yes, so anybody wants to ask any question?

Peter raises his hand

Bush :Whats your name?

Peter : sir I have 5 questions.

1) Why did America attack Iraq without the approval of UNO?

2) Where is Osama?

3) Why do America support Pakistan so much?

4) Why did recess bell rang 20 minutes before the scheduled time?

5) Where is JOHN?


-Unknown


THE HINDU'S EDITORIAL- 12/07/2009

Act on climate, now

If climate change is the unprecedented challenge the world faces, the declaration issued by the major economies at the G8 Summit in L’Aquila, Italy just won’t do. There are of course some good initiatives. President Barack Obama’s affirmation of U.S. intent to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 80 per cent by mid-century was heartening. There may be scepticism about the cap-and-trade approach towards carbon emissions being pursued in the U.S., but that too represents a policy advance. Mr. Obama also highlighted the tough new automotive standards that would save fuel, and the green jobs that are to emerge from targeted investments. Prime Minister Kevin Rudd announced the opening of a US$ 78 million global carbon capture and storage institute in Australia to develop clean coal technology as a public good. These progressive efforts may be insufficient to wage what British scientist James Lovelock describes as a difficult “climate war.” To everyone’s dismay, leaders of the major economies have no firm plans for emissions to peak before 2020 and decline thereafter. The target date of 2050 for reduction of greenhouse gases is too remote. The resolve to keep global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius may end up as nothing more than a pious wish.

There is yet time for the G8 and other high-emission countries to act. They must sit down to the hard task of setting concrete goals for the next decade and beyond, for adoption at December’s Copenhagen conference of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change. The importance of China and India in the global climate equation has been growing. Both countries have committed themselves to dealing with the issue. But while China has taken a major step forward, India’s national action plan is remarkably devoid of detail. New Delhi has adopted the negotiating position that it will not accept emissions targets, because that might derail its poverty-alleviation efforts. It is true that by the standards of the developed world, most Indians suffer significant energy deprivation. But the problem is that the national development path continues to be carbon-intensive, with its rising total emissions causing global concern. It is time India abandoned its stance as a climate laggard. It must prioritise areas such as energy efficiency in lighting, transport, and power generation and reduce the energy-intensity of industrial production. Cutting duties on fuel-guzzling sports utility vehicles, as the 2009-10 budget has proposed, is certainly not the way forward. Funding equitable, efficient public transport is. Only strong and convincing actions at home can win India support for its proposals at Copenhagen.

വ്യാഴാഴ്‌ച, ജൂലൈ 09, 2009

GLOBAL WARMING

What is the biggest threat to humanity? Some may say it's terrorism, some may say it's lavlin......... But most of the scientists will differ. According to them, it's the climate change, especially the GLOBAL WARMING.............

What exactly is meant by Global Warming? The rays from sun entering our atmosphere will be reflected by our Earth's surface the outer space. They heat the atmosphere while passing through it. But if large amount of green house gases like CO2, methane etc. are present in the atmosphere they prevent this rays from escaping into the atmosphere. This increases the temperature of the atmosphere. This effect is called green-house effect and this results in global warming.




Soon after the industrial age has begun, the amount of
green-house gases began to increase in the atmosphere due to the emissions from various industries all over the world. The emission for fuel engines also contributed to it. And now the amount of green-house gases in the atmosphere is increasing exponentially. Earth's temperature is also increasing in the same rate. And hence global warming..........

What are the effects of this phenomenon? It has wide spread effect that will affect us in all walks of life.Even then are they going to affects us now? The answer is YES. Many people believes that the climate change will not affect our generation. But the amount of green-house gases, especially CO2, has already increased well above accepted levels. This adversely affects our climate. Frequent cyclones and other disasters are just an indication of the climate change. The ice in the polar region is melting at a very high rate. The polar ice cap is the main source of pure water for majority of human beings and if it melts like this, it will result in severe water deficiency. Gangotri is the large ice glacier in the Himalayas where river Ganga is originated. Recent studies found that this Gangotri itself is melting away. If the Gangotri is completely melted, it will result in severe drought in a number states in India. More than 50 million Indians are depending on Ganga. One can only imagine the effect of this drought. If the atmospheric temperature continues to increase at this rate, our earth will become unlivable in very near future.

How can we counter this? As you can imagine, first thing that needs to be done is to done is to reduce the emission of CO2 and other
green-house gases. The amount of green-house gases should be reduced to that of the pre-industrial age in very near future. But this is not as easy as it seems. The biggest CO2 emitter is the US itself. As we know US is a capitalistic country and the corporates in US has a big influence on the US government. The case of many other developed countries is the same. Any move to reduce the CO2 emission will face a strong opposition from these corporates since they will have to reduce their production and hence the profit. Instead of doing this Bush was blaming cattles of India and China for emission of methane gas. Also the number of vehicles used day by and the their emissions will also add to green-house effect. After Barak Obama took charge there has at least been a move towards reducing the emission. The G8 summit just concluded put forward some decisions to reduce global warming. US has decided to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050. Other developed nations have also took similar decisions.

But it seems too late. The G8, prominent developed countries, and G5, prominent developing countries, members are responsible for most of the green house gas emission. They have to take decisions at least on the cut-off date 2020. Else it may become uncontrollable, which it already is to some extent. The atmospheric temperature should be brought down below 2 degree Celsius plus temperature at pre-industrial age. Strong and sudden actions are required. But unfortunately these facts are not getting enough attention it deserves. We are still ignorant of many of the disastors that could happen to us in the near future. The presently used fuel engines should be replaced by Eco-friendly engines which don't emit the green-house gases. More non-renewable energy sources such as wind and solar energy should be used. Recently an event named
EARTH HOUR was conducted. Their motto was switching off a light is a vote to earth. The reduction of energy consumption can have big effect on reducing global warming. So VOTE EARTH! or else............

anoopesar

"Nature has enough resources to fill our NEEDS, not our GREED."
-
Mahatma Gandhi







ഞായറാഴ്‌ച, ജൂലൈ 05, 2009

Is RIGHT that right?

We voted for them, now receiving what we deserve........
  • Petrol price hiked by 4 Rs. It will surely increase the price of necessary commodities. It seems the government control on oil prices will be removed very shortly. If it happens, One can only assume what it will result in. Remember the price of crude is one half what was in 2004.In the mean time, the price of aeronautical fuel enjoys an all time low, only one third of what was in 2004.
  • They are going to sell shares worth 50,000 crores of public sector industries like BSNL, LIC etc. This amount is more than the value of the entire public sector shares sold till now. Even in countries like U.S the government is now carrying out nationalization of private sector like banks, motor industry etc. They have learned the disastrous effects of privatization through "recession". But we are not learning, are we? Even the UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi admitted that the effect of public sector in economy saved us from recession during elections. Also remember due to recession, the value of shares has hit all-time low and if they are sold the only party who will profit from it will be the corporates buying them. Effectively the corporates are buying 49% of our public assets at a cheap rate.
  • Is privatization is the only means of raising fund. The budget shows that government has got more than 7000 crores as fringe tax. What is fringe benefit tax? The taxation of perquisites -- or fringe benefits -- provided by an employer to his employees, in addition to the cash salary or wages paid, is fringe benefit tax. Any benefits -- or perks -- that employees (current or past) get as a result of their employment are to be taxed, but in this case in the hands of the employer. This includes employee compensation other than the wages, tips, health insurance, life insurance and pension plans. Any multinational corporation can easily manage this tax. But in this budget, this tax is withdrawn thereby gov. losing more than 7000 crores in the next fiscal year. The corporates are now happy. As MJ said "All I want to say that they don't really care about us....".
  • The share of foreign investment in insurance and banking sector might be hiked soon. UPA wanted to do it in 2004 itself. But left's pressure prevented this and it eventually saved our economy from recession. And now............
  • Provident Fund is the only asset of an ordinary government employee. The govt is now thinking about giving this money to multinational corporates like reliance to put it on share market. You know what happens in share market, don't you?
  • Iran was one of our oldest friends. But under US's political influence, we are losing that friendship. We voted against them in UN. We are slowly withdrawing form the Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline, which would have been a long term solution for energy requirement at a cheap rate. But they say we need only nuclear energy which will cost nearly 12 Rs/unit of electricity, to a country which has half a billion people with daily wages of 20Rs/day.............
It is not over yet, wait for more Indians. But these facts doesn't come into our attention since all media and news channels have only one topic, you know what, lavlin. Now they don't need left's help and remember

"Democracy is a device that ensures we shall be governed no better than we deserve."
-GEORGE BERNARD SHAH

anoopesar